Like other parts of the
country, Beijing has embarked on a comprehensive reform and open policy since the late
'70s, pushing economic development vigorously and laying a foundation for further growth
in the '90s, as may be seen from the following facts and figures:
The level of modernization has remarkably
improved for both urban and rural areas. During the decade from 1980 to 1991, Beijing
invested 16.44 billion yuan in the construction of infrastructure, resulting in an
improvement of water supply, transportation, communications, cooking gas supply, central
heating, afforestation, environmental protection, etc.
During this period, a total floor space of 97.32 million square meters was built, of which
57.20 million were for living quarters. Among projects projects completed were the Asian
Games Village, 33 gymnasiums and stadiums - either newly built or renovated. Four
satellite towns have sprung up, and a large number of public buildings were completed for
education, science and technology, cultural activities, medical care and social welfare.
Beijing has made vigorous progress in
education, science technology and culture. During the past decade, it brought up a
professional personnel of 650,000 at intermediate and advanced levels and made a great
number of achievements in science and technology. The country's first experimental zone
for new technological and industrial development was established in Beijing. Now the city
boasts 61,000 hospital beds.
The people's livelihood has improved
remarkable in both urban and rural areas. In 1991, the actual per caita income of urban
households increased 69.3% over that of 1980, while the actual per capita net income of
peasant households was three times that of 1980. The per capita living space reached 8.0
square meters in the urban area and 21.9 square meters for the peasants.
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